• AFC - AUTOMATED FARE COLLECTION

    The collection of components that automate the ticketing system of a public transportation network.

    AMPH - MORNING PEAK HOUR

    Also known as rush hour or peak hour, this is the part of the day during which traffic congestion on roads and crowding on public transport is at its highest. Normally, this happens twice a day—once in the morning and once in the evening, the times during when the most people commute.

    APTMS - ADVANCED PUBLIC TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    A collection of systems that use information technology to manage public transport.

    AQUIFER

    A geological formation that has structures or textures that hold water or permit appreciable water movement through them.

  • BASE FLOW

    Flow occurring in a water course not attributable to a storm rainfall event, but to groundwater flow where the water table intersects the stream channels of a catchment

    BMPs -  BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES 

    Devices, practices or methods for removing, reducing, or retarding runoff flows, or preventing targeted stormwater runoff constituents, pollutants and contaminants from reaching receiving waters. BMPs include structural and non-structural controls and devices as well as operation and management procedures.

    BIORETENTION CELL OR BASIN

    An excavated basin or trench that is filled with porous media layers and planted with vegetation. Water quality treatment of stormwater runoff occurs through removal of sediment, trace metals, nutrients, bacteria and organics as the water percolates downwards.

    BROWNFIELD

    A site or land that is or was occupied by a permanent structure, which may have become vacant, under-used or derelict and has the potential for redevelopment

    BRT - BUS RAPID TRANSIT

    Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS) is a bus-based mass transit system.A true BRT system generally has specialized design, services and infrastructure to improve system quality and remove the typical causes of delay.Sometimes described as a "surface subway", BRT aims to combine the capacity and speed of light rail or metro with the flexibility, lower cost and simplicity of a bus system.

  • CATCHMENT

    (in relation to a watercourse or watercourses or part of a watercourse): The area from which any rainfall will drain into the watercourse or watercourses or part of a watercourse, through surface flow to a common point or common points.

    CATCHMENT MANAGEMENT

    Simultaneously a philosophy, a process and an implementation strategy to achieve a balance between use and protection of environmental resources in a particular catchment area

    CM - CHANGE MANAGEMENT

    The deliberate effort of an organisation to anticipate change and to manage its introduction, implementation, and consequences.

    CoCT - CITY OF CAPE TOWN

    The City of Cape Town is the metropolitan municipality which governs the city of Cape Town, South Africa and its suburbs and exurbs.

    COMMISSIONER

    The person appointed by the Council to be the Commissioner for Transport for Cape Town and whose appointment is made in terms of section 57 of the Municipal Systems Act.

    CITP - COMPREHENSIVE INTEGRATED TRANSPORT PLAN

    The purpose of this Comprehensive Integrated Transport Plan ("the CITP") is to give the City (and so TCT) its mandate for the transport network and everything that moves on it. This CITP describes what TCT is committed to and accountable for. In particular, it describes how TCT will take the delivery of integrated, intermodal and interoperable transport and its related network in Cape Town to the next level.

    CLLR(S) - COUNCILLOR(S)

    Councillors are people elected by the residents in each area (known as a Ward) to represent them in the Council's decision making process. They are usually members of political parties, although some choose not to be.

  • DS - DENSIFICATION STRATEGY FOR THE CITY OF CAPE TOWN

    The densification policy has been adopted by the City of Cape Town, reflected in the City of Cape Town Spatial Development Framework and the Cape Town Densification Strategy. These documents provide a framework outlining a middle path development strategy set to raise the Cape Town gross base density from the current 10-13 du/ha (gross) to 25 du/ha (gross). This will be achieved by targeting densification and encouraging a greater intensity of mixed use development in priority corridors and nodes while taking into account area context and limitations.

    DoT - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT

    The Department of Transport is the department of the South African government concerned with transport. The political head of the department is the Minister of Transport. Responsibility for transport lies constitutionally between the national transport department and the nine provincial transport departments. The national department has exclusive responsibility for national and international airports, national roads, railways and marine transport; the national and provincial departments share responsibility for other airports, public transport, road traffic regulation and vehicle licensing; and the provincial departments have exclusive responsibility for provincial and local roads, traffic and parking.

    DTPW - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORT AND PUBLIC WORKS (WESTERN CAPE)

    The Department of Transport and Public Works is responsible for the construction and maintenance of roads, educational and health facilities, and general buildings. It also increases growth and job opportunities through various programmes and increases access to safe and efficient transport.

    DETENTION FACILITY 

    Structure that temporarily stores excess stormwater for a length of time. The outlet of the structure is designed to release the stored water into the downstream watercourse at a rate less than the flow rate into the facility during storm events.

    DaR - DIAL-A-RIDE

    Dial-a-Ride is a public transport service for people with disabilities who – due to the nature of their disability – are unable to board and/or alight from mainstream public transport such as trains, buses and minibus taxis for their daily commute between home and work.

    DIRECTLY CONNECTED IMPERVIOUS AREA 

    Impervious areas (i.e. areas covered by buildings and other impervious surfaces) which drain directly into stormwater drains without first infiltrating or flowing across permeable land

    DoRA - DIVISION OF REVENUE ACT

    The Division of Revenue Act (DORA) lays down how the total government income (revenue) should be divided and allocated between the spheres of government and within government. Local government is also represented on the Budget Council where the Minister of Finance discusses the proposed budget with provincial and local government.

  • ECOLOGICAL BUFFER 

    A strip of land adjacent to a watercourse, wetland or vlei required for the protection and enhancement of these ecosystems.

    EDS - ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF THE CITY OF CAPE TOWN

    The EDS addresses the competencies assigned to local government under the constitution and other relevant legislation. It focuses on creating actions for all City services to support economic and social development. A specific area is the core economic competencies of the Department for Economic Development, while another focus is on those human development issues that impact most directly on residents' economic livelihoods.

     

  • FLOODLINES

    Lines on a map or drawing depicting water levels likely to be reached by a flood having a specified recurrence interval.
     
    FLOOD or FLOOD WATERS
     
    A temporary rise in water level including ground water or overflow of water onto land not normally covered by water.
     
    FLOODPLAIN 
     
    The flood plain of a river is the valley floor adjacent to the incised channel, which may be inundated during high water.
     
  •  GABS - GOLDEN ARROW BUS SERVICES

    The Golden Arrow Bus Services (Pty) Ltd is an operator of public transport system for the Cape Peninsula and surrounding areas of South Africa.

    GREENFIELD 

    A site or land such as parkland, open space and agricultural land that has previously been undeveloped. Development on such land generally requires a change of land use / zoning.

  • HTS - HOUSEHOLD TRAVEL SURVEY (2013)

    The National Household Travel Survey 2013 gives an insight into transport use and travel patterns and other transport related matters of South African households. The survey is conducted every 10 years and it enables the Department of Transport and other Departments, research and other organisations such as institutions of higher learning, business and other international bodies with research, planning and the implementation of projects and programmes to the broader benefit of society.

  • IMPERVIOUS SURFACE 

    Land where water cannot infiltrate to the subsurface but is conducted by gravity on the surface as overland flow. Roads, parking lots, sidewalks and rooftops are examples of impervious surfaces in urban areas

     IDP - INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

    The Integrated Development Plan (IDP) is a plan for how the City will spend its money for the next five years, on what, and where. It is a plan to help us set our budget priorities. The IDP is agreed between local government and residents of the city. It is a plan for the entire city and not just for specific areas.

    IPTN - INTEGRATED PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK

    Integrated Public Transport Network means the integrated public transport network (for both road and rail) for the City as referred to in the NLTA.

    IRPTN - INTEGRATED RAPID PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK

    The City of Cape Town’s Integrated Rapid Public Transport Network (IRPTN) is set to undo the city’s apartheid spatial legacy and radically transform public transport in Cape Town, offering integration and inter-operability for the benefit of all commuters.

    IRT - INTEGRATED RAPID TRANSIT

    The Cape Town Integrated Rapid Transit (IRT) system is a bold initiative to transform the public transport sector by dramatically improving the customer's experience thereof. This initiative will seek to integrate all of the current transport modal options into a coherent package. Among the modes to be integrated are: Metrorail services, road-based services on trunk routes, conventional bus services, minibus taxi integration, feeder bus services, improved pedestrian and bicycle access, metered taxi and park-and-ride facilities.

  •  JV - JOINT VENTURE

    A joint venture (JV) is a business agreement in which the parties agree to develop, for a finite time, a new entity and new assets by contributing equity. They exercise control over the enterprise and consequently share revenues, expenses and assets.

  • KPA - KEY PERFORMANCE AREA

    A key performance area (KPA) is the main area of achievement that is expected in a particular field of operation.

  • LEG - LEGISLATION

    Law eminating from Parliament in the form of Acts.

  • MAJOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM

    A stormwater drainage system, which caters for severe, infrequent storm events. Supported by the minor drainage system.

    MANAGEMENT PLAN

    A document including, as appropriate, both written and diagrammatic information describing how a particular area of land is to be used and managed to achieve defined objectives. It may also include description and discussion of various issues, problems, special features and values of the area, the specific management measures which are to apply and the means and timing by which the plan will be implemented.

    MO - MATRIX ORGANISATION

    An organisational structure where employees report to more than one manager or supervisor.

    MAYCO - MAYORAL COMMITTEE

    Mayoral Committee means the mayoral committee of the City elected in terms of section 60 of the Structures Act.

    MTEF - MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK

    An integrated approach to policy, planning, and budgeting by developing countries that estimates expenditures over three years from the present.

    MEC - MEMBER OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL

    Member of the Executive Council of the Western Cape Government responsible for Transport and Public Works.

    MOA - MEMORANDUM OF AGREEMENT

    A memorandum of agreement (MOA) or cooperative agreement is a document written between parties to cooperate on an agreed upon project or meet an agreed objective. The purpose of an MOA is to have a written understanding of the agreement between parties.

    MOU - MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING

    Describes a bilateral or multilateral agreement between two or more parties. It expresses a convergence of will between the parties, indicating an intended common line of action.

    MAP - MILLION ANNUAL PASSENGERS

    The number of passengers using a transport mode each year.

    MLTF - MUNICIPAL LAND TRANSPORT FUND

    Municipal Land Transport Fund means a fund established pursuant to section 27 of the NLTA and which is to fall under TCT.

    MRE - MUNICIPAL REGULATORY ENTITY

    Municipal Regulatory Entity means a Municipality to which the operating licence function has been assigned in terms of the NLTA, and whose responsibilities are as set out in section 5 and which are to fall under TCT

    MSA - MUNICIPAL SYSTEMS ACT

    The Municipal Systems Act is part of a series of legislation which aims to empower local government to fulfil its Constitutional objects. In 1998 the government issued a Local Government White Paper, which outlined a policy framework for local government.

    MINOR DRAINAGE SYSTEM 

    A stormwater drainage system, which caters for frequent storms of a minor nature

  • NEMA - NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT

    Provides the underlying framework for environmental law.

    NATMAP - NATIONAL TRANSPORT MASTER PLAN: 2005 TO 2050

    The proposed National Transport Master Plan 2005-2050 (NATMAP 2050) aims to develop a dynamic; long term; and sustainable land use/multimodal transportation systems framework for the development of networks infrastructure facilities; interchange terminal facilities and service delivery. This project is to prepare a physical development plan, referred to as a Master Plan, as the framework by which our future state-of-the-art multi-modal transportation systems planning, implementation, maintenance, operations, investments, and monitoring decisions are to be made UNTIL 2050.

    NMT - NON-MOTORISED TRANSPORT

    A broad definition of NMT would be any kind of a transport system that would not run on a motor. Some such examples are walking, cycling, rickshaws etc

    NON-STRUCTURAL MEASURES

    Planning, institutional and pollution prevention practices designed to prevent or minimise pollutants from entering stormwater runoff and/or reduce the volume of stormwater requiring management.

  •  OPERATOR ASSOCIATION

    An association of operators providing on demand public transport services in the city.

  • PRASA - PASSENGER RAIL AGENCY OF SOUTH AFRICA

    Established in terms of section 23 of the legal succession to the South African Transport Services Act (9 of 1989).

    PM - PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT

    Performance management includes activities which ensure that goals are consistently met in an effective and efficient manner. It can focus on the performance of an organisation, department, employee, or a process to build a product or service.

    PERFORMANCE PLANNING

    A total approach to managing people and performance. Involving setting performance aims and expectations for the organisation, departments and individual employees.

    Established in terms of section 23 of the legal succession to the South African Transport Services Act (9 of 1989).

    POLLUTION

    The direct or indirect alteration of the physical, chemical or biological properties of a water resource so as to make it less fit for any beneficial purpose for which it may reasonably be expected to be used; or harmful or potentially harmful to.

    PRE-DEVELOPMENT 

    It means prior to any development on that property

    PTIG - PUBLIC TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE GRANT

    The grant aims to help cities create new and improve existing public transport and non-motorised transport infrastructure. This includes the provision of infrastructure for bus rapid transit systems.

    PTNOG - PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK OPERATIONS GRANT

    The current purpose of the PTOG is to subsidize roads based public transport services and to provide supplementary funding towards public transport services provided by provincial governments.

  •  QA - QUALITY ASSURANCE

    The process of ensuring that the degree of excellence specified is achieved.

    QM - QUALITY MANAGEMENT

    The process or system of ensuring that a product or service should do what the user needs or wants and has a right to expect.

  • RECEIVING WATERS 

    Natural or man-made aquatic systems which receive stormwater runoff, eg watercourses, wetlands, canals, estuaries, groundwater and coastal areas

    RECURRENCE INTERVAL (OR RETURN PERIOD) 

    The average interval in years between rainfall or flood events equaling or exceeding a specified severity. The recurrence interval is usually expressed in years and is the reciprocal of the annual probability. That is, the event having an annual probability of occurrence of 2% (0,02) has a recurrence interval of 50 Years. This does not imply that such an event will occur after every 50 years, or even that there will necessarily be one such event in every 50 years. This does not imply that such an event will occur after every 50 years, but rather that over a much longer period (like a 1 000 year period) there will very likely be 20 events of equal or greater magnitude.

    REDEVELOPMENT 

    Includes the creation, replacement, or addition/expansion of impervious area and/or structures on an already developed site.

    RFP - REQUEST FOR PROPOSAL

    A document an organisation sends to a vendor inviting the vendor to submit a bid for a product or service.

    RETENTION FACILITY 

    A structure which retains runoff indefinitely should the capacity of the structure be sufficient to contain such runoff. Excess flow into the structure will be discharged via a spillway.

    RETROFITTING 

    The process of modification or installation of additional or alternative stormwater management devices or approaches in an existing developed area in order to achieve best management of stormwater.

    ROI - RETURN ON INVESTMENT

    A ratio of the benefit or profit derived from a specific investment compared to the cost of the investment itself.

    RP - REVEALED PREFERENCE

    Is a method of analysing choices made by individuals, mostly used for comparing the influence of policies on consumer behaviour. These models assume that the preferences of consumers can be revealed by their purchasing habits.

    RIPARIAN HABITAT 

    Includes the physical structure and associated vegetation of the areas associated with a watercourse which are commonly characterised by alluvial soils, and which are inundated or flooded to an extent and with a frequency sufficient to support vegetation of species with a composition and physical structure distinct from those of adjacent land areas.

    RIVER CORRIDOR

    A mixed-use corridor comprising a watercourse and/or associated wetlands, the floodplain, the ecological buffer and the area required for specific aesthetic, recreational and/or socio-economic needs. This combined area must be managed in an integrated manner that balances the flooding, environmental, social and economic issue.

    RM - RISK MANAGEMENT

    The use of insurance and other strategies in an effort to minimise an organisation’s exposure to liability in the event of a loss or damage to property/resources or if an injury occurs to (a) person/staff.

    RNIS - ROAD NETWORK INFORMATION SYSTEM

    The Road Network Information System (RNIS) forms the hub around which most if not all is the basis of many of these systems as it is here that the roads are defined in terms of where they start and end, into which areas they fall, which roads are surfaced or gravel, partially or completely, the terrain, climatic conditions and other information. Furthermore information is kept of all the features on the road such as bridges, culverts, crossing and intersecting roads, interchanges, road signs and road markings, fencing, drains and numerous other features.

    RSI - ROAD SIDE INTERVIEWS

    A survey undertaken by a team of enumerators interviewing drivers travelling through a study area to identify existing travel patterns.

    RUNOFF

    Water that flows over the soil surface.

  • SENSITIVE RECEIVING WATER 

    A watercourse, wetland or coastal area that has been or is deemed by Council to be sensitive or important from ecological, social and/or economic perspective/s

    SOURCE CONTROLS

    Non-structural or structural best management practices to minimise the generation of excessive stormwater runoff and/or pollution of stormwater at or near the source.

    SANRAL - SOUTH AFRICAN ROAD AGENCY LIMITED

    SANRAL is a South African parastatal responsible for the management, maintenance and development of South Africa's national road network.

    SNP - SPECIAL NEEDS PASSENGERS

    These passengers are identified by the Department of Transport’s as being Special Needs Passengers (SNP’s) comprising:

    • Life Cycle Passengers: These are customers who have special transport needs by virtue of the fact that they happen to be in the normal stages of the human life cycle. Examples include children between 5 –14 years old for whom transport is particularly unsafe, or who need special assistance when using the transport system; women during pregnancy who may need special assistance or who should be protected from exposure to particular health risks associated with pregnancy; the aged who, as a result of age-related impairments, require special assistance, security and access.
    • Impairment Passengers: These are customers with physical or cognitive impairments and disabilities or neurological impairments and disabilities, for whom special assistance, adapted technologies and special safety requirements are necessary.
    • Signage Passengers: These are customers who for reasons of illiteracy, age or lack of familiarity with the language of signage are unable to access enough information to use the transport system effectively.

    STAKEHOLDERS

    The term given to the situation whereby organisations have a number of groups, each having their own set of interests, possibly conflicting with each other.

    STORMWATER MANAGEMENT

    Water resulting from natural precipitation and/or the accumulation thereof and includes groundwater and spring water ordinarily conveyed by the stormwater system, as well as sea water within estuaries, but excludes water in a drinking water or waste water reticulation system.

    STORMWATER SYSTEM 

    Both the constructed and natural facilities, including pipes, culverts, watercourses and their associated floodplains, whether over or under public or privately owned land, used or required for the management, collection, conveyance, temporary storage, control, monitoring, treatment, use and disposal of stormwater.

    STRUCTURE

    Any artificial feature affixed to the ground or attached to something located on the ground, including but not limited to fences, walls, berms, levees, fill, storage tanks, shelters or buildings.

    STRUCTURAL MEASURES (CONTROLS, BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES)

    Are permanent, engineered devices implemented to control, treat or prevent stormwater pollution and/or reduce the volume of stormwater requiring management.

    SUSTAINABLE URBAN DRAINAGE SYSTEM (SUDS)

    A branch of Water Sensitive Urban Design that focuses on stormwater management.

  •  TDM - TRANSPORT DEMAND MANAGEMENT

    Transportation Demand Management, traffic demand management or travel demand management (all TDM) is the application of strategies and policies to reduce travel demand (specifically that of single occupancy private vehicles), or to redistribute this demand in space or in time.

    TMC - TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT CENTRE

    The Transport Management Centre under Transport for Cape Town

    TCT - TRANSPORT FOR CAPE TOWN

    Transport Authority for the City of Cape Town

    TCT RAIL MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE

    To oversee the rail transport initiatives as determined for the functional area of Cape Town.

    TIC - TRANSPORT INFORMATION CENTRE

    The City's Transport Information Centre which falls under Transport for Cape Town.

    TZ - TRANSPORT ZONE

    Provides for transportation systems and transport undertakings which serve the public.

    TREATMENT TRAIN 

    A combination of different methods implemented in sequence or concurrently to achieve best management of stormwater. These methods include source control, non-structural and structural measures.

  •  UATP - AFRICAN ASSOCIATION OF PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    The African Association of Public Transport (UATP, Union Africaine des Transports Publics) is an independent association that represents professionals in the field of public transport and the transportation of goods by road, rail, sea, air and water.

    URBAN RUNOFF

    Water (rainwater, water from washing or cleaning, etc) from urban streets and other paved areas, which may carry pollutants into the sewerage and stormwater systems or into vleis, rivers and coastal water

  • VOC - VEHICLE OPERATING COMPANIES

    Companies who are contracted to Transport for Cape Town to provide vehicle operations services.

  • WATER RESOURCE

    Includes a watercourse, surface water, estuary or aquifer (National Water Act).

    WSUD - WATER SENSITIVE URBAN DESIGN 

    An approach which seeks to ensure that development in urban areas is holistically planned, designed, constructed and maintained so as to reduce negative impacts on the natural water cycle and protect aquatic ecosystems. Sustainable water supply, sanitation and stormwater management are encompassed within the WSUD approach.

    WATER COURSE

    A river, stream, channel, canal, vlei, wetland, dam or lake in or into which water flows regularly or intermittently. Reference to a watercourse includes, where relevant, its bed and banks.

    WETLAND 

    Land which is transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface, or the land is periodically covered with shallow water, and which land in normal circumstances supports or would support vegetation typically adapted to life in saturated soil. This definition includes, but is not necessarily limited to, water bodies such as lakes, salt marshes, coastal lakes, estuaries, marshes, swamps, vleis, pools, ponds, pans and artificial impoundments.

    WETLAND DELINEATION

    The determination and marking of the boundary of a wetland using nationally accepted guidelines / methodologies.